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Chronicle of Vologda


Vologda is first mentioned in the chronicles. Trinity Monastery is founded by St. Gerasimus


Vologda belongs to Novgorod according to Novgorod charters


Prince of Tver Svyatoslav Yaroslavich together with Tatar army attacks Vologda


Spaso-Prilutsky Monastery is founded


Vologda is captured and plundered by Dmitry Shemyaka’s troops


Ivan III makes a visit to Vologda


The greater part of Vologda is destroyed by fire


Vologda uyezd (district) of the Moscow state is established. Andrei the Younger becomes Prince of Vologda


Cathedra of Perm diocese moves to Vologda from Ust-Vym. Vologda becomes residence to bishops of Vologda and Perm


Ivan the Terrible visits Vologda, Spaso-Prilutsky and Kirillo-Belozersky monasteries


Richard Chancellor, the first English ambassador, goes through Vologda on the way to Moscow to meet Ivan the Terrible

20 July 1556

Osip Nepeya (Vologda born), the first Russian ambassador, leaves for England with Chancellor


Vologda is assigned to oprichnina (special administrative elite under Tsar Ivan the Terrible). 500 persons are appointed to guard the city. Preparatory work on fortification construction starts


Ivan the Terrible arrives in Vologda. Foundation of stone walls is laid. Tsar’s wooden palace and monumental St. Sophia Cathedral are erected. Captive Tatars and Turks deepen small rivers and dig ditches around the fortress


Vologda with its possads (craftsmen's districts) has 671 houses


Monastery of the Holy Spirit is founded (nowadays territory of stadium “Dynamo”)


Poles and Lithuanians invade and burn down Vologda


There are 313 shops, 66 granaries, 10 taverns in the city and its possads according to cadastres


Hundreds of inhabitants die of plague in Vologda. Church of the Saviour is built


First stone belltower of St. Sophia Cathedral is constructed. Chiming clock is set there


Stone walls and tours surround the Archbishop’s Residence (nowadays territory of the Vologda State Museum-Preserve)


Dmitry Plekhanov from Yaroslavl with 30 icon painters decorates St. Sophia Cathedral with frescoes


Peter I visits Vologda for the first time


More than 100 pood (a unit of mass equal to 16,38 kg) of bell cooper are sent from Vologda by order of Peter I to cast canons. Tsar’s decree on foreign trade privilege through Archangelsk and Vologda is issued


Vologda becomes a city of Arkhangelsk goubernia (province)


Vologda numbers “35 malthouses, 33 tanneries, 8 brickworks, 6 dairies, 19 spinning mills, 7 tallow-melting works, a soap works, 41 smithies, 7 kvass-houses”. Inhabitants of Vologda are sent to St. Petersburg for construction work


Vologda Theological Seminary is opened in the Archbishop’s Residence. It exists till 1918


First attempt to grow potatoes is made in Vologda


Resurrection cathedral is erected (nowadays building of the Vologda Picture Gallery)


Vologda region ruled by governor-general is formed from Arkhangelsk and Novgorod provinces. Coat-of-arms of the towns and cities belonging to the Vologda region are approved.


General town planning scheme is made


First public bank of Russia is opened in Vologda


Vologda region ruled by governor-general is abolished; Vologda gubernia (province) is formed. Population of Vologda is about 1000 people


Militia groups are formed in the city and district because of Napoleon’s invasion into Russia. Values of Moscow monasteries and churches are brought to Vologda to be preserved there


Remains of the fortifications are demolished and boulevards are laid out on their place.


Emperor Alexander I visits Vologda


First issue of the newspaper “Vologodskiye gubernskiye vedomosti” is published


First private theatre is opened in the city


700th anniversary of Vologda is celebrated


Population of Vologda is 16425 people


City Duma and City Council are formed


Railway communication along narrow-gauge line between Vologda and Yaroslavl is launched


First museum of Vologda is opened in the House of Peter I. Grand Prince Vladimir Alexandrovich Romanov attends its consecration


First city pawn-shop of Russia is opened in Vologda on the initiative of Khristophor Ledentsov, the Head of the city


Train service along narrow-gauge line between Vologda and Arkhangelsk is launched


Water-pipe and telephone exchange start working in Vologda. Stone railway station is built


Construction of the railway St. Petersburg – Vologda begins

1 February 1904

Electric power station is launched in the city


First cinema “Modern” is opened (nowadays building of the restaurant “Sever”)

1911, September

Vologda Dairy Institute is opened

1918, February

Diplomatic corps moves from Petrograd to Vologda

6 June 1926

Broadcasting station start working in the city

6 November 1927

Railwayman’s club is opened (nowadays Palace of Culture of Railwaymen). Foundation of a new concrete bridge across the Vologda river called later Oktyabrsky bridge is laid.


Vologda and Molochnoye settlement are connected with a regular bus line


State Pedagogical Institute of the North Region (nowadays Vologda State Teachers’ Training University) opens in Vologda


Air service between Moscow, Vologda and Arkhangelsk is launched


Construction of flax factory begins. First taxicabs “M-1” appear in the streets of Vologda


According to the All-Union census of the population 95 thousand people live in Vologda

22 June 1941

Martial law is imposed in the Vologda Oblast. In July a decree of Vologda garrison prohibiting walking along streets and traffic from 23 p.m. till 4:30 a.m. is published


800th anniversary of Vologda is celebrated


First street of the city – Stalin Street (now Mira Street) – is asphalted


A dairy is put into service in Poshehonskoye Shosse


Vologda Picture gallery is opened


Park Mira is laid out in the north-eastern part of Vologda


New water supply system is put into operation. Inhabitants of Vologda start using water from the Toshnya river


Cinema “Rodina” is opened. 80 buses carry passengers within the city


Bridge in honour of Vologda’s 800th anniversary is opened.

National television starts working in Vologda


First treatment plant of the city water supply is put into service


Hotel “Vologda” is opened


New bus station is opened


First ball bearing is produced by the state-run bearing factory. Cinema “Lenkom” is opened


New building of the Drama theatre is constructed


First trolley-bus test run is conducted. Covered food market is opened


New airport is opened

July 1982

Vologda is awarded order of the October Revolution

June 1985

Monument to Pushkin is unveiled in Pushkin street

12 August 1992

Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Alexius II visits Vologda

6 October 1996

First national elections of the Head of the city are held. Alexey Yakunichev wins them and assumes the office in the Exhibition centre “Russky Dom” on October 17

April 1996

Diesel submarine of the Kolsky Flotilla of the Northern Fleet is named “Vologda”

29 April 2001

Russian President Vladimir Putin makes an official visit to Vologda


First line of the bypass route around Vologda is opened


New bridge in honour of Vologda’s 800th anniversary is constructed


860th anniversary of Vologda is celebrated

1 October 2008

First digital school is opened

11 February 2009

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev makes an official visit to Vologda

3 March 2010

Museum of Lace is opened in Vologda

16 December 2010

New foot-bridge at the railway station is opened

24 December 2010

Palace of Sports “Chevakata” is opened 

June 23-25, 2011

Vologda hosts the First International Lace Festival

October 1, 2011

Cultural and leisure centre for veterans “Care” is opened

October 5, 2011

Dance school “Pirouette” is opened

June, 2012

865th anniversary of the city foundation is celebrated

September 4, 2012

Youth Centre “Gor.com35” is opened

October, 2012

Ice track with artificial ice - the first in the North-West of Russia - is opened

December 28, 2012

Ice Palace is opened

March 7, 2013

Russian President Vladimir Putin visits Vologda

June, 2013

opening of swimming pool “Dynamo” after reconstruction

August, 2013

Vologda’s airport resumes regular air travel

August 28, 2013

chapel of St. Gerasimus is consecrated in Vologda

August, 2013

Summer Spartakiad of Union of Cities of Russian Centre and North-West was held in Vologda

September 3, 2013

traffic along overpass connecting city center and Lukianovo microdistrict is opened

September 4, 2013

centre of culture “Red Corner” is opened

October 20, 2013

Olympic Torch Relay was held in Vologda

December 2013

Vologda became New Year’s Capital of Russia 2014

February, 2014

Vologda’s resident Kristina Yermolinskaya participated in opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic Games in Sochi

March, 2014

the biggest Tsar Pie was baked in Vologda during Pancake Week

March, 2014

Vologda hosted Winter Sports Festival of Union of Cities of Russian Centre and North-West

May, 2014

construction of a new television tower began in Vologda

May, 2014

Tourism Industry Union was established in Vologda

June 1, 2014

Vologda’s airport resumed its work

June, 2014

Bishop Ignaty headed Vologda eparchy

July, 2014

Vologda hosted first large-scale military and patriotic game and Shakespeare Festival

June 25, 2014

opening of Tourist Information Centre in Vologda

July, 2014

Festival of Creative Urban Planning was staged in Vologda

August, 2014

Youth Rally “MOST” took place in Vologda

August, 2014

Vologda hosted International Forum “Social Innovation Studies. Municipal Experience”

September, 2014

First International Festival “Voices of Crafts” was held in Vologda

October, 2014

Visa Centre of Finland was opened in Vologda

October 17, 2014

St. Sophia Cathedral got cathedral status

October, 2014

First Interregional Belov Readings “Belov. Vologda. Russia” took place in Vologda

October 23, 2014

Vologda Metropole was established

October, 2014

Days of Architecture were held in Vologda

December 17, 2014

new 21st city library was opened

December 2014

Vologda became New Year’s Capital of Russian North